Intel is a hegemon in the electronics market and, despite strenuous attempts competition unlikely to soon lost his seat leading manufacturer of integrated circuits. A very important place in the portfolio of the giant from Santa Clara occupy Atom processors, the latest incarnation of the Bay Trail-T drives the most popular tablet on the market. But what really differences between various systems? Why does one atom is stronger than the other? The answer can be found in the following specific guide.

photo. Intel

Intel systems are current users of electronic devices practically from the beginning of their existence. They drove the first desktops, netbooks and laptops, and in the course of natural evolution also appeared in tablets and smartphones. You also can not forget about ultrabookach, which is the essence of existence is just Intel's heart. A special place in the puzzle Intel Atom family is to everyday devices containing chips most basic, although with today's technology development – not deprived of adequate power.

SoC and CPU

At the outset, it is worth clarifying what is the basic difference between the CPU (or processor), a SoC. Simply put: SoC includes a CPU, so it is a much wider concept. The abbreviation comes from the SoC System on Chip and means a complete electronic system placed me a semiconductor substrate and enclosed in a single housing. The most important elements are forming SoC CPU (main processor – the brain of the system), GPU (graphics processing unit), memory controller, WiFi, 3G / 4G, GPS, USB controller or video decoder. The integration of "all in one" is used Qualcomm. Due to the complexity, the individual components of the SoC usually come from different manufacturers. As SoC systems are smaller, more energy efficient and cheaper to produce than those used in desktops and laptops motherboards in which clipped the individual components (CPU, VGA card, memory RAM), perfectly suited for mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones . Probably the most widespread representative of SoC on the market is the ARM architecture, which is used in smart phones, routers, hard drives, but also routers and children's toys. In 2012. Expanded its family of Intel Atom-based SoC designed for smartphones and tablets. This step was the result of a partnership announced by Intel and Google in September 2011., In order to provide support for Android on Intel x86.

photo. Intel

Atom SoC began a rivalry with existing solutions from companies such as Qualcomm, Nvidia, Samsung and Broadcom. In contrast to manufacturers who use energy-efficient ARM Cortex cores, the Intel x86 architecture adapted to a comparable or even lower power consumption. Currently on the market is already the next generation of Intel chips, made in the 22 nanometer process and using core Silvermont. It's called the Bay Trail-T.

Bay Trail-T – characteristics

Bay Trail is a shared codename of Intel's latest processor family, based on 22-nanometer architecture Silvermont. It is said about it mainly in the context of the new Atom chips (Bay Trail-T), but this architecture will also meet in the desktop and laptopowych Celeronach and Pentiumach (Bay Trail-D, Bay Trail-M). In the first round the market went 6 processors Bay Trail-T, and soon – later in 2014. – They were joined by 10 models. The family has a total of 16 different SoC. Different models were produced using 3D Tri Gate transistor and offer 2 or 4 cores clocked at Silvermont to 2.4 GHz, 1 or 2 MB second level cache (L2), and 1-channel memory controller RS ​​DDR3L-1333 MHz or 2-channel LPDDR3 memory controller 1067 MHz. The SoC is an integrated graphics chip HD Graphics, which contains four execution units of the clock to 667 MHz, compatible with DirectX 11 / OpenGL ES 3.0. Makes it possible to display an image on two independent screens (the maximum resolution is 2560 x 1600 pixels). Integrated graphics can handle hardware decoding of H.264, VC1, MPEG2, MVC, VP8, MPEF-4 / H.263 and MJPEG. Compared to the architecture-based Atoms Clover Trail + (still sold, as exemplified by the premier family of tablets Kiano Intelect), SoC Bay Trail-T made a number of changes. It is important to mention a few: • Layout HD Graphics reminiscent of the current Ivy Bridge processors – so far benefited from the weaker Atoms PowerVR GPU; • Ability to perform operations in a different order than that in which they get to the CPU – a significant jump in productivity; • "truly" integrated memory controller – in previous generations, even though he was on the same piece of silicon, a communication to the FSB; • Supports hardware and SSE instructions; • Improved energy management – Technology Burst Technology 2.0; • QuickSync technology, which allows for efficient video compression; • There is no Hyper-Threading technology, which in previous atoms proved to be ineffective; • Supports USB 3.0.

Bay Trail-T – a description of the family

Family SoC Bay Trail-T is large, and some of the systems differ from each other literally nuances. I provide the most important features of all SoC with examples tablet, where you can find them.

Legend

• Start – the date of product launch. • Number of cores – specifies the number of independent central units of account in one component computer (silicon chip, or chip). • Number of threads – specifies the basic sequence of instructions that can be processed by a single core processor. • clock rate – a rate at which the transistors opens and closes the circuit of the processor. The clock rate affects the speed at which the processor executes instructions, this method can be called clock speed. The frequency is measured in cycles per second or hertz, which is generally expressed megahercami (MHz – one million cycles per second) or gigahercami (GHz – billion cycles per second). • Increased clock speed – the maximum possible frequency of the clock. • L2 Cache – located in the nucleus of the processor, the memory of the short time available. • A set of instructions – refers to a basic set of commands that a microprocessor understands and can perform. This value indicates which instruction set compatible Intel is the processor. • SDP – power ratings use scenario (SDP Scenario Design Power) is an additional temperature value, which represents the thermal point of view, the use of the device in environments found in the real world. Balances the requirements for performance and power at the load of the system in order to reflect the energy consumption in real terms. • Max. Memory Size – refers to the maximum memory capacity (in GB) supported by the processor. • Memory type – systems are available in four versions: with one channel memory with dual channel memory, triple channel memory and in the Flex Mode. • Number of memory channels – refers to the operation of the ranges for the actual application. • Max. Memory bandwidth – the maximum speed (MB / s) at which the processor can read or save them in semiconductor memories. • Fundamental frequency layout – refers to classified / guaranteed clock frequency rendering units MHz. • Increased frequency of the graphics chip – the maximum possible operating frequency of the GPU • technologies – technologies that support SoC. • Tablet – Tablet PC, where you can find data SoC.

Intel Atom Z3795

The flagship processor family, the highest clocked basic, but also slightly higher energy demand (TDP approx. 4). SoC supports up to 4 GB of RAM with a maximum capacity of 17.1 GB / s, providing more work, including the "immediate". Used in the tablet of the highest quality. Only for devices with Windows. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.59 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.39 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 4 GB • Memory Type: LPDDR3-1066 • Number of memory channels: 2 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 17.1 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 778 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES • Price: $ 40 • Tablet: Lenovo ThinkPad Tablet 10, HP ElitePad 1000 G2

Intel Atom Z3785

Very fast processor, which will power the strongest tablets this fall and early next year. SoC has a standard clock speed slightly lower than the Atom Z3795, but for a higher maximum clock speed. The unit supports up to 4 GB of memory, providing rapid throughput of 21.3 Gb / s. • Start: Q2 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.49 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.41 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 4 GB • Memory Type: LPDDR3-1333 • Number of memory channels: 2 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 21.3 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 313 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 833 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES • Price: Unknown • Tablet: none

Intel Atom Z3775D

SoC in terms of timing and power consumption similar to the previous set, but supporting less – 2 GB single-channel DDR3L-RS-1333 so slow. The maximum memory bandwidth is "only" 10.6 GB / s, almost half less than in the top atoms. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.49 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.41 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 792 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES • Price: $ 35 • Tablet: Dell Venue Pro 11 [ CST_7]

Intel Atom Z3775

SoC slightly weaker in terms of performance than its counterpart with the letter "D" in the name, but supports up to 4 GB of dual-channel (faster) RAM. Rapid throughput and relatively high price makes it suitable for hybrid devices. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.46 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.39 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 4 GB • Memory Type: LPDDR3-1066 • Number of memory channels: 2 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 17.1 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 778 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES • Price: $ 35 • Tablet: Asus Transformer Book T200TA, Book T100TAM Asus Transformer, Asus Transformer Book T100TA-DK025H

Intel Atom Z3770D

SoC present in the market for some time, but not often used by major manufacturers. Version "D" indicates that one channel supports 2 GB of RAM, and thus a slower throughput, which in many cases the system will react more slowly. • Start: Q3 2013 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.5 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.41 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS 1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 313 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 668 MHz • Technology: Intel Quick Sync Video, Intel Clear Video HD, Intel Wireless Display, Intel Insider, Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES, Secure Key, Anti-Theft • Price: $ 37 • Tablet: Livefan F3S Diamond

Intel Atom Z3770

A similar system for performance to Atom Z3770D, but supports up to 4 GB of RAM with a higher bandwidth. This SoC will therefore react faster than his cousin with the letter "D" in the name. • Start: Q3 2013 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.46 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.39 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 4 GB • Memory Type: LPDDR3-1066 • Number of memory channels: 2 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 17.1 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 667 MHz • Technology: Intel Quick Sync Video, Intel Clear Video HD, Intel Wireless Display, Intel Insider, Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES, Secure Key, Anti-Theft • Price: $ 37 • Tablet: Toshiba Encore, the Lenovo ThinkPad Tablet 8, the Fujitsu Stylistic Q584, Dell Venue Pro 11 5130

Intel Atom Z3745D

SoC with standard capabilities, supports up to 2 GB single-channel RAM. It is not intended to top tablet, because provides bandwidth of 10.6 GB / s. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.83 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 792 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES • Price: $ 32 • Tablet: Acer Aspire Switch 10 [ CST_11]

Intel Atom Z3745

Very popular SoC. The relatively low power consumption, standard timing and support up to 4 GB of RAM (dual channel) with a capacity of 17.1 GB / s ensure smooth operation, though not heavily CPU-intensive tasks. The reasonable price makes this SoC is often chosen by the producers tablets. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.86 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 4 GB • Memory Type: LPDDR3-1066 • Number of memory channels: 2 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 17.1 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 778 MHz • Technology: Intel Wireless Display, Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES • Price: $ 30 • Tablet: Lenovo S8 Tab, Asus Transformer Pad TF303CL, Asus Transformer Pad TF103C, Asus Transformer Book T100TA, Asus Memo Pad HD 7, Asus Memo Pad 8, Asus Memo Pad 7, Acer Iconia Tab 8, the Acer Aspire Switch 10

Intel Atom Z3740D

Normally, as in other cases, SoC with the letter "D" in the name supports the less, because 2 GB single-channel memory with less bandwidth, so it is recommended to cheaper devices. • Start: Q3 2013 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.83 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS 1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 313 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 688 MHz • Technology: Intel Quick Sync Video, Intel Clear Video HD, Intel Insider, Intel Wireless Display, Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES, Secure Key, Anti-Theft • Price: $ 32 • Tablet: Lenovo Miix 2 10, the Dell Venue Pro 8

Intel Atom Z3740

Popular Atom family member, used by many hardware manufacturers. It has almost identical power as Atom Z3740D, with the difference that supports faster (dual channel) memory RAM (up to 4GB). • Start: Q3 2013 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.86 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 4 GB • Memory Type: LPDDR3-1066 • Number of memory channels: 2 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 17.1 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 667 MHz • Technology: Intel Quick Sync Video, Intel Clear Video HD, Intel Insider, Intel Wireless Display, Intel VT-x, Intel 64, AES, Secure Key, Anti-Theft • Price: $ 32 • Tablet: Toshiba Encore WT8, Lenovo Miix 2 8, Asus VivoTab Note 8, Asus Transformer Book T100TA, Acer Iconia W4, Acer Aspire Switch 10

Intel Atom Z3736G

SoC designed for basic tablet, mainly because of its unimpressive performance and low price. The system supports only single-channel 1GB RAM with a capacity of 5.3 GB / s, so when performing several tasks at the same time, productivity losses will be noticeable. The upside is high maximum clock speed that can go in many basic games. • Start: Q2 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.16 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 1 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 5.3 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 313 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 646 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64 • Price: $ 20 • Tablet: none

Intel Atom Z3736F

Twin brother Z3736G Atom model, but supports twice the memory, thus offering a slightly more rapid response to a user command. • Start: Q2 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 2.16 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 313 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 646 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64 • Price: $ 20 • Tablet: none

Intel Atom Z3735D

Standard SoC designed for cheaper tablets. It supports 2 GB of RAM with a maximum bandwidth of 10.6 GB / s. Clock speed is comparable with the range offered by the competition. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.83 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 646 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64 • Price: Unknown • Tablet: Teclast X98 3G, VOYO A1 mini [ CST_17]

Intel Atom Z3735E

Twin brother Z3735D Atom model, but offers support for two times smaller number of slower memory bandwidth. The basic tablet. • Start: Q2 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.83 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 1 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 5.3 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 646 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64 • Price: $ 21 • Tablet: none

Intel Atom Z3735F

SoC prepared with a view to the cheapest tablet on the market. Z3735D Atom Equivalent model of that type of user slower UTFCBGA592 slot. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.83 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 2 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 10.6 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 646 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64 • Price: $ 17 • Tablet: none

Intel Atom Z3735G

SoC prepared with a view to the cheapest tablet on the market. Z3735E Atom Equivalent model of that type of user slower UTFCBGA592 slot. • Start: Q1 2014 • Number of Cores: 4 • Total topics 4 • Clock Speed: 1.33 GHz • Increased clock speed: 1.83 GHz • L2 cache: 2 MB • Instruction Set: 64-bit • SDP: 2 , 2 W • Max. Memory Size: 1 GB • Memory Type: DDR3L-RS-1333 • Number of memory channels: 1 • Max. Memory Bandwidth: 5.3 GB / s • Base frequency GPU: 311 MHz • Frequency increased GPU: 646 MHz • Technology: Intel VT-x, Intel 64 • Price: $ 17 • Tablet: Toshiba WT8 Encore, Encore Toshiba Mini Toshiba Encore 2, Acer Iconia Tab 8