The first e-book reader cost a fortune, and loaded him books disappeared after two months. Today, the use of e-readers is as easy as with tablets and e-books are inexpensive and available at one click.
The technology of electronic paper, like the idea of digital books, was born in the early 70s of the last century. Michael S. Hart, Project Gutenberg, created the first e-book – a digital version of the Declaration of Independence of the United States. Over the prototype e-paper he worked then Xerox, hoping that it will revolutionize computer monitors. A small device that would be able to replace paper books, dreamed then not scientists, but the writers and creators of science fiction movies. It was not until three decades later, in 2004, managed to combine mobility, e-paper and digital books in a single thread. So was the first e-book reader.
Experiment with e-paper
His name was Libri and went on sale under the brand name Sony. Was available only in Japan, and created for him, the mechanism of copyright protection (DRM) made it bought him an e-book format BBeB have a specific expiry date. After 60 days are automatically deleted from the e-reader, which today can be associated with the self-destruction of documents known to the spy novels. Sony Libri had only 10 MB of memory, and therefore not fit to wear the cache library. Rescued his support for memory cards – unfortunately only in the format memory stick PRO. He did not arouse sympathy nor clunky interface, or casing packed with an unbelievable amount of buttons. Despite its flaws, Libri was a design breakthrough. He proved to the world that e-paper display in a pocket-sized device could replace the printed book. Although only display 4 grayscale, allowed to read up to 10 thousand. party, was powered by four AAA batteries. 6-inch screen used in the Libri today is a standard format for e-readers.
Sony quite a long slow to produce the creation of a successor Libri. It was only in 2006 decided to release Sony Reader PRS-500 – the first e-reader is also available outside of Japan. Sony mistakes quickly learned the competition. In November 2007, the market peaked Amazon Kindle, which, although more expensive and based on the screen of the older generation, sold out in just a few hours. What was the phenomenon of Kindle? Amazon has put on very easy interface, and also offered its customers free access to the mobile Internet 3G. Americans were given the opportunity to buy e-books in an online bookstore and transferring them to the reader from different places on Earth. The idea was a hit. Sony typically Japanese way of trying to beat your own Kindle bomb technology. As presented in 2008, e-reader, the Sony Reader PRS-700 appeared a touch screen, lit by an additional LED. One year after the release of the first iPhone two years before the iPad, the touch screen was still something exotic. Touch run smoothly, unfortunately underdeveloped lighting has been accepted by the users rather chilly. As a result, the next e-reader with a screen doświetlanym had to wait until 2012. The duel between Amazon and Sony quickly began to join another company. Success This ended only a few of them, mainly in Asia and Europe, where competition from the Kindle was not so absolute. In 2008, his debut was a Ukrainian brand PocketBook. A year later gauntlet Amazon decided to throw Barnes & Noble – the largest network of fixed bookstore in the United States launched the Nook e-readers. In 2010, the race joined the Canadian Kobo, is currently the most serious competitor Kindle. Since 2011, the European market for its readers began selling Onyx International, whose successful distributor until 2015 was the Polish company Arta Tech. Germany lived to a local alliance with the design Tolino – from 2013 to effectively position podgryzającego Amazon for our western border. What happened to Sony, from which it all began? Two years ago, the Japanese quietly withdrew the industry, which we ourselves have created. In Poland in 2009, he was born eClicto e-reader, who did not stand the test of time. Until the emergence of the Polish brand inkBOOK our local market for e-readers dominated by foreign players. Today, this situation is gradually changing. Among other things, because the current generation of e-readers born in Polish, unlike the now defunct eClicto, does not stand out from the competition.
More convenient than paper
Since the debut of Sony Libri e-book readers have passed a long way. It changed the approach to the same publishers of digital books. Even in 2009, when the project started eClicto, purchasing well in Poland issued, legitimate e-book was quite an art. Today inkBOOKa can buy and download it in several seconds, even if the store Midiapolis . Since last year, you can also take out a subscription with unlimited access to several thousand e-book reader inkBOOK for 1 zł – service offers such service Legimi . have changed the device. E-paper has become more perfect. 6-inch screen is now an average of twice as many pixels as the display in the Sony Libri. Reacts much faster, displays a wide range of shades of gray, and once experimental lighting has become a standard in e-readers midrange. Poland ceased to be a technological backwater of Europe when it comes to availability and importantly, the development of the devices themselves. We now turn to e-readers of Polish origin. It has not changed the idea behind e-book readers and e-paper. They help maintain live contact with literature even when they brought the paper book can be troublesome. They are easy to use, lightweight and versatile. They do not exclude recourse to the book when possible, but in the public transport, train or plane are a convenient alternative for her. Source: Arta Tech